Technology and Material Research

Our Research

The results of technology and material research during the course of the four-year project will be applied for different uses, including energy storage and chemical catalyst. POROUS4APP project is based on the fabrication of functional nanoporous carbonaceous materials at pilot plant scale from natural renewable resources. This fabrication will represent a major step forward towards the mass-production of advanced and innovative materials.

Our technology and material research is making materials of the future available to various industries and can be read in our project brochure.


  1. Stochasticity of Pores Interconnectivity in Li-O2 Batteries and Its Impact on the Variations in Electrochemical Performance Amangeldi Torayev, José Alexis Rucci, Pieter M. Magusin, Arnaud Demortiere, Vincent De Andrade, Clare P. Grey, Céline Merlet, and Alejandro A. Franco. J. Phys. Chem. Lett., January 17, 2018
  2. Sustainable polysaccharide-derived mesoporous carbons (Starbon®) as additives in lithium-ion batteries negative electrodes J. Mater. Chem. A., Issue 46, 2017
  3. Multiscale Simulation Platform Linking Lithium Ion Battery Electrode Fabrication Process with Performance at the Cell Level  Alain C. Ngandjong, Alexis RucciMariem MaizaGarima ShuklaJorge Vazquez-Arenas, and Alejandro A. Franco. J. Phys. Chem. Lett.20178 (23)
  4. Prevalence of trans-Alkenes in Hydrogenation Processes on Metal Surfaces: A Density Functional Theory StudyJavier Navarro-Ruiz, Damien Cornu, Núria López, American Chemical Society, 2018, 25339-25348,(10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b06880).
  5. Alginic acid aquagel as template and carbon source in the synthesis of Li4Ti5O12/C nanocomposites for application as anodes in Li-ion batteries, S. Kim, J. G. Alauzun, N. Louvain, N. Brun, L. Stievano, B. Boury, L. Monconduit, P. H. Mutin*, RSC. Adv. 2018. 8, 32558-32564.
  6. Green electrode processing using seaweed-derived mesoporous carbon additive and binder for LiMn2O4 and LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 lithium ion batteries, S. Kim*, M. De bruyn, J. G. Alauzun, N. Louvain, N. Brun, D. J. Macquarrie, L. Stievano, B. Boury, P. H. Mutin, L. Monconduit, Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2019, 3, 450-406.
  7. Alginic acid-derived mesoporous carbonaceous materials (Starbon®) as negative electrodes for lithium ion batteries: importance of porosity and electronic conductivity, S. Kim*, M. De bruyn, J. G. Alauzun, N. Louvain, N. Brun, D. J. Macquarrie, L. Stievano, B. Boury, P. H. Mutin, L. Monconduit*, J. Power Sources, 2018, 406, 18-25.
  8. Alginic acid-derived mesoporous carbon (Starbon®) as template and reducing agent for the hydrothermal synthesis of mesoporous LiMn2O4 grafted with carbonaceous species, S. Kim, M. De bruyn, J. G. Alauzun, N. Louvain, N. Brun, D. J. Macquarrie, L. Stievano, B. Boury, L. Monconduit, P. H. Mutin*, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6,14392-14339.
  9. Acetic anhydride as oxygen donor in the non-hydrolytic sol-gel synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 with high electrochemical lithium storage performances, Y. Wang, S. Kim, N. Louvain, J. G. Alauzun, P. H. Mutin*, Chem. Eur. J. 2019, in press. (10.1002/chem.201806073)
  10. Dehydration of alginic acid cryogel by TiCl4 vapor: a direct access to mesoporous TiO2@C nanocomposites and their performance in lithium ion batteries. Kim, S.; De bruyn, M.; Alauzun, J. G.; Louvain, N.; Brun, N.; Macquarrie, D. J.; Stievano, L.; Mutin, P. H.; Monconduit, L.; Boury, B., ChemSusChem 2019.
  11. Boosting rechargeable batteries R&D bv multiscale modelling: Myth or reality? Franco, A. A., Rucci, A., Brandell, D., Frayret, C., Gaberscek, M., Jankowski, P., & Johansson, P. (2019). Chemical reviews. 119 (7), 4569–4627.
  12. Tracking variabilities in the simulation of Lithium Ion Battery electrode fabrication and its impact on electrochemical performance. Rucci, A., Ngandjong, A. C., Primo, E. N., Maiza, M., & Franco, A. A. (2019).  Electrochimica Acta.
  13. Unified picture of anionic redox in Li/Na-ion batteries Mouna Ben Yahia, Jean Vergnet, Matthieu Saubanère and Marie-Liesse Doublet. Nat. Mater., 2019, 18, 496-502, 10.1038/s41563-019-0318-3
  14. Electrolyte Reactivity in the Double Layer in Mg Batteries: An Interface Potential-Dependent DFT Study Anja Kopač Lautar, Jan Bitenc, Tomaž Rejec, Robert Dominko, Jean-Sébastien FilholMarie-Liesse Doublet.  J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020


  1. Procédé de préparation d’un matériau composite LTO/carbone utilisé comme matériau d’électrode négative pour batterie Li-ion. Kim, S.; Alauzun, J. G.; Louvain, N.; Brun, N.; Stievano, L.; Monconduit, L.; Mutin, P. H.; CNRS-UM-ENSCM-RS2E, FR 18 55066, 11/06/2018.
  2. Process for preparing mesoporous carbon material. LEITAT Submitted 28/02/2019 Patent nr. P20382135.0

Presentations on International Conference

  1. EMN Hawaii Meeting & Collaborative Conference on Quantum Communication 2018, Honolulu (Hawai), 2-5 April 2018 “Mesoporosity influence of carbon additives on electrochemical performances of electrodes for Li-ion batteries”, Johan Alauzun, SanghoonKim, P. Hubert Mutin, Laure Monconduit
  2. 4th International Conference on Bioinspired and Biobased Chemistry and Materials, Nice (France) 14-17 October 2018 “Sustainable polysaccharide-derived mesoporous carbons (Starbon®) as additives for negative electrodes of lithium-ion batteries”, Sanghoon Kim
  3. The world conference on Carbon 2018, Madrid (Spain), 1-6 July 2018, “Synthesis of porous doped carbon materials from polysaccharides”, Raquel Pérez-Tejada, Sandra Martínez-Crespiera, David Amantia, Duncan Macquarrie, Vitaliy Budarin, Gokhan Çavus, Christophe Aucher.
  4. HYMA 2019 6th International Conference on Multifunctional, Hybrid and Nanomaterials, 11-15 March 2019, Sitges “Synthesis of metal and metal oxide doped mesoporous carbons from polysaccharides”, Sandra Martínez-Crespiera, Maria Uriburu, Arantxa Pinar, David Amantia, Xiao Wu, Duncan Macquarrie, Vitaliy Budarin, Flavia Palombarini, Gokhan Çavus, Christophe Aucher.

Workshop Presentations

  1. Platform molecules and materials from biomass residues using green chemistry. Dr Duncan Macquarrie, Green Chemistry Centre of Excellence, University of York, Khon Kaen, September 2018
  2. Biobased Materials for Li ion Batteries. Duncan J Macquarrie, Xiao Wu, Mario De bruyn, Green Chemistry Centre of Excellence, Department of Chemistry, University of York, P Hubert Mutin, Sanghoon Kim, Nicholas Brun, Nicholas Louvain, Johan Alauzin, Bruno Boury, Laure Monconduit, L Stievano, Inst Charles Gerhardt Montpellier, CNRS UMR 5253, CMOS TEAM, Montpellier, Peter Hurst, Mark Gronnow, Philip Lawless, Biorenewables Development Centre,, York UK